Turkish Journal of Urology
GENERAL UROLOGY - Original Article

Acellular Tissue Engineered Pericardial Patch Urethroplasty: A New Horizon of Substitution Urethroplasty

1.

Department of Urology, Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (IPGME&R), Kolkata, India

Turk J Urol 2022; 48: 222-228
DOI: 10.5152/tud.2022.22018
Read: 251 Downloads: 115 Published: 01 May 2022

Objective: Buccal mucosal graft is the best autologous material for substitution urethroplasty. However, in cases where buccal mucosa is unavailable, a non-autologous tissue like acellular tissue-engineered pericar- dial patch can be very helpful. Our study is a small approach regarding the success and durability of acellular tissue-engineered pericardial patch as a substitution tissue in urethroplasty.

Material and methods: A total of 22 patients underwent acellular tissue-engineered pericardial patch substi- tution urethroplasty using dorsolateral onlay technique for long segment urethral stricture, for a period of twoyears. Observations and comparison were made in terms of postoperative change in maximum urinary flowrate (Qmax), resolution of obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms, improvement in retrograde urethrogram and complications encountered, with buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty as a historical control.

Results: Out of these 22 patients, 18 patients had successful outcomes considering maximum flow rate (Qmax)> 10 mL/s on uroflowmetry, resolved obstructive lower urinary tract symptoms, and normal postoperativeretrograde urethrogram, whereas four patients were considered a failure because of Qmax <10 mL/s, unre- solved obstructed lower urinary tract symptoms and recurrence of urethral stricture on retrograde urethro-gram and development of urethrocutaneous fistula.

Conclusion: Acellular tissue-engineered pericardial patch substitution urethroplasty can be a useful alternative to autologous tissue substitution, especially where the buccal mucosal graft is unavailable for urethroplasty.

Cite this article as: Choudhury S, Khare E, Pal DK. Acellular tissue engineered pericardial patch urethroplasty: A new horizon of substitution urethroplasty. Turk J Urol. 2022;48(3):222-228.

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